To produce a hand-tufted rug, fabric with a stencilled design is stretched on a frame. A tufting gun is used to shoot yarn through the fabric while passing by horizontally. This leaves a yarn loop at the back and the front for each shot. Upon completion the back loops are fixed in place with latex and the front loops are opened forming the pile. The finishing process is essentially the same as for hand-knotted carpets. Completion of a tufted carpet usually requires less than one fourth (1/4) the time as the same size hand-knotted carpet, making for a more affordable item without skipping the surface material.